Politics in Denmark


The political structure of Denmark is easily comparable to that of Great Britain. There is a parliamentary, representational democracy, with a constitutional monarchy that is headed by a Prime Minister. The Monarch’s role is mostly ceremonial, though, technically, the Monarch is head of the state. The political party system is multiple-party oriented, as of now there are seven functioning political parties in Denmark.

Political Forces

Due to the multi-party system in Denmark, there has not been an absolute majority rule in parliament since the start of the twentieth century. While this system lessens the domination of the government by one party, thus keeping the balance of power in check, it also slows down law-making procedures. Danish politics therefore work on the basis of compromise, in order to move government bills along the legal production line. Denmark’s constitution has no delineation for administrative courts; therefore all laws are reviewed by the Supreme Court. The air of cooperation, transparency, and accountability brought on by the multi-party system with Denmark’s system of checks and balances have created a noticeable satisfaction within the populace. Denmark’s government is very low on the scale of corruption.


The current ruling Monarch of Denmark is Queen Margrethe II, who has ruled since January 14th, 1972. The Danish constitution states that the Danish Monarch is the head of state, thus the sole maker of all executive and legislative decisions. Since 1901, the Monarch’s power has been cut back to a bare minimum; each law must have a royal signature and the Monarch has the power to choose and dismiss the Prime Minister. These powers are only formalities, and the continuation of the royal line is purely ceremonial and in the public relations.

Political Parties

Denmark’s parliament has seven political parties as of recent elections. Four of these seven parties have been long established, tracing their roots as far as the early 1800s: the Conservative People’s Party, the Social-Democratic Party, the Liberal Party and the Social-Liberal Part. Though these parties are firmly established in policy as well as the Danish collective unconscious, recently the younger parties have become more favorable. Each party is operated differently, but most follow the same basic rituals. There are yearly party conventions were manifestos are presented and party chairmen are elected. Each party has a board of leaders at a national level as well as the local levels.